Flower, also known as bud, is the main part of the plant that is consumed or turned into extracts. Dried flower can be purchased as whole buds, or as pre-rolled joints. Flower is identified as either indica, sativa, or a hybrid of the two. And can be bought in the following denominations: 1g, 3.5g, 5g, 7g, 10g, 14g, 15g, 21g, 28g, or 30g.
Edibles are any food, or drink that are infused with cannabis extracts. Edibles are readily available as sodas, chocolate, gummies, soft chews, and baked goods. As well as capsules and oils, known as tinctures. The onset of effects from effects can take 30 minutes – 4 hours to be felt, and the duration of effects can last 12 hours or more. When consuming edibles, it is best to ‘start low and go slow’, starting with 2.5mg of THC is recommended to determine tolerance. Ontario regulations permits no more than 10mg of THC per edible package. This is divisible by the number of pieces inside, which may be 1x10mg, 2x5mg, 4×2.5mg or 5x2mg.
Vape cartridges contain cannabis extracts that are designed to be exclusively used with a vape pen, also known as a battery. Vapes can be disposable or refillable depending on the type of device. Inhalation is the absorption method when vaping, which means effects are almost immediate.
Extracts and concentrates include a variety of products that can be produced when the cannabis flower is processed into a concentrated form. This can result in liquid, or solid products and includes products such as cannabis oil, hash, live resin, vape cartridge liquid, shatter, rosin, wax, kief and tinctures. Effects can be experienced almost immediately after consumption.
Topicals are products such as lotions, creams, and oils that are meant to be externally applied to the body. These are products that contain cannabinoids, particularly THC, and CBD. They work through absorption into the skin, and only offer localized effects.